Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956), known as Dr Babasakheb Ambedkar, was an Indian political scientist, lawyer, economist, politician, and social reformer. He inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement and the campaign against social discrimination against the untouchables (Dalits). It has also supported the rights of workers, farmers and women. He was the prime minister of justice and law of independent India, the father of the Indian constitution and the founder of the Republic of India.
Born: 14. April 1891; Mhoo, center death: 6. December 1956 (65 years); married in New Delhi: Ramabai Ambedkar; Savita Ambedkar Nationality: Indian
Ambedkar was a very talented student. D. in economics at both Columbia University and the London School of Economics and has been involved in research in law, economics and political science. 7] In the beginning of his professional life he was a professor of economics and law. Kee and his later life he spent more time on his political activities.
Ambedkar then became involved in advertising and discussions about India’s independence and played an important role in publishing magazines, campaigning for the political rights and social freedom of the Dalits and building India.
In 1956 he adopted Buddhism. In 1990 he was posthumously awarded India’s highest civil honor, the Bharat Ratna. Ambedkar Jayanti’s birthday is celebrated all over India on the 14th. April. The heritage of Ambedkar includes many monuments and statues of popular culture.
Beginning of life
Ambedkar was killed on the 14th. Born in April 1891 in the military canton of Mahu Nagar in the central province of India (now Madhya Pradesh) in British India. His family, who believe in Kabir Pant, are originally from Marathi Mula and live in the village of Ambadwe, in the Ratnagir district of present-day Maharashtra.
He belonged to the Hindu-Mahara caste, which was considered inviolable at the time, and was therefore subject to deep social and economic discrimination. Bhimrao Ambedkar’s ancestors served in the British East India Company for a long time. And his father Ramji Sakpal, who served in the Indian army canton of Mhoo, rose to the rank of Subedar while working here. He has received formal training in Marathi and English.
Bheem’s child faced social resistance because of his caste. Despite the possibility to study at school, Bhimrao is confronted with many difficulties due to its inviolability. Ramji Ambedkar remarried in 1898 in Jijabay. On the 7th. In November 1900 Ramji Sakpal registered the name of his son Bhimrao Bambi Ramji Ambedvedkar at the Sattara Public High School.
Bhiwa is the name of his youth. The original name of Ambedkar was written by Ambedvekar instead of Sakpala, who was connected to his village Ambedwe. Because the inhabitants of the Konkansk region kept their family name after the name of the village, the name Ambedkar was registered in the village school Ambedkar. Later, Krishna Devdev Ambedkar, a Devruhe Brahmina teacher who was particularly attached to him, removed the name Ambedvedkar from his name and added a simple name Ambedkar. It’s been known as Ambedcar ever since.
Ambedkar stepped on number seven. In November 1900 he attended the first class of the State High School (now Pratapshingh High School) of Rajwarah Chowk in Sattara. From that day on his academic life began, and the 7th year of his life will be the beginning. November Maharashtra is celebrated under the name Vidyarhi Divas. At the time, his name was Bhiwa.
When he passed the English test in the fourth grade because it was unusual among untouchables, Bhimrao’s success was also celebrated among untouchables, and it was written by his family friend Dada Keluskar. Biography ‘He was gifted.
In 1897, the Ambedkar family moved to Mumbai where he continued his education at Elphinstone Road Public High School.
In 1907 he passed his entrance exam and the following year he went to the Elphinstone College of the University of Bombay. He was the first in his community to be trained at this level.
Ambedcar said untouchability is worse than slavery. Ambedcar was trained in the princely state of Baroda and was therefore obliged to serve him. He was appointed military secretary of Maharajah Gekwad, but had to resign as soon as possible because of caste discrimination.
he tried to find a livelihood again for his growing family, for whom he worked as an accountant and private teacher. He also worked and created an investment advisory firm, but all these efforts failed when his clients realized they were untouchable.
In 1918 he became Professor of Political Economics at the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Mumbai. Although he was successful with his students, other teachers refused to share a pot of water with him.
Ambedkar was invited as an eminent Indian scholar to testify before the South Borough Committee that drafted the Government of India Act 1919. At the hearing, Mr Ambedkar advocated the creation of a separate electorate and reserves for Dalits and other religious communities. In 1920 Mooknayak started publishing a weekly in Bombay.
The publication quickly became popular with readers when Ambedkar used it to criticise the unwillingness of Hindu orthodox politicians and the Indian political community to tackle caste discrimination. His speech at the conference of his Dalit class had a great influence on the local leader of the state of Kolkhapur, Shahu IV, who had lunch with Ambedkar in a conservative society.
While working as a lawyer at the Supreme Court of Bombay, he had worked to promote and improve the training of untouchables. Their first organized event was the establishment of the Hitakarini Sabha Central Institute for Excluded People, which was designed to promote education and socio-economic reform and the welfare of a boycott known as the depressed classes. To protect the rights of Dalits he published five magazines, including Muknayak, Bagishkrit Bharat, Samata, Enlightened India and Janata.
In 1925, together with all the European members of Bombay’s presidential committee, he was appointed Simon’s president. Protests against this Commission have taken place throughout India. Although his report was ignored by most Indians, Ambedkar made a separate recommendation on future constitutional reforms.
In 1930, after three months of preparation, Ambedkar began building the temple of Kalaraam Satiagrakh. Some 15,000 volunteers gathered in the Kalaram Temple Movement, which led to Nashik’s greatest tribulations. When they got to the door, it was closed by the Brahmin authorities.
Ambedkar’s political career began in 1926 and in 1956 he held various positions in the political arena. In December 1926, the Governor of Bombay appointed him a member of the Bombay Legislative Council; he took his responsibilities seriously and gave regular speeches on economic matters. He was a member of the Legislative Council of Bombay until 1936.
The 13th. In October 1935, Ambedkar was appointed director of Government Law College and remained there for two years. After the death of Sri Rai Kedarnat, the founder of the Ramjas College at the University of Delhi, he was also chairman of the governing body of the college. Ambedkar moved to Bombay (now Mumbai) and built a large three-storey house, the Rajagriha, where his private library contained more than 50,000 books, then the largest private library in the world.
In 1936 Ambedkar founded the Independent Labour Party, which won 13 seats in the Central Legislative Assembly in 1937. Ambedkar was elected president of the Bombay Legislative Assembly. He remained a member of the Legislative Council until 1942, during which time he was also the leader of the opposition in the Bombay Legislative Assembly.
In the same year Ambedkar published his book Annihilation of Caste (May 15, 1936), based on works written in New York. In this book Ambedkar describes Hindu religious leaders and the caste system. You’ve been very critical. He condemned Congress’ decision to demand the word of Gandhiji Haridjan from the community of untouchables.
Later, in an interview in 1955, he accused Gandhi of supporting the caste system in his Gujarati newspapers and spoke out against the caste system in English newspapers.
The All India Federation of Scheduled Castes is a social and political organization founded by Ambedkar in 1942 to fight for the rights of the Dalit community. From 1942 to 1946, Ambedkar was Minister of Labour in the Advisory Committee for Defence and the Executive Council of the Viceroyalty.
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