Paul Victor Sinyak (November 11, 1863 – August 15, 1935) was born in Paris, France. The artist was considered one of the most vivid expressions of Neo-Impressionism with Georges Seoura, an artist with whom he had a close relationship. Signak was born into a wealthy family that allowed him to devote himself entirely to painting.
In the mid 1880s he studied art and perfected his skills in Bean’s studio. In the early years of his career he became interested in Impressionism, an artistic movement that lasted until he met Seurat. At the same time he ventured into pointilism or divisionism, of which the Signak technique is one of the most important. In his works he paints landscapes of southern France and other regions he visited on his boat.
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Born into a wealthy family, he could devote himself without any restriction to study and art. In 1882 he joined the Ecole des Arts et Métiers de Paris (School of Arts and Métiers in Paris). At the same time he visited the free studio of Beane, an artist and politician who was then mayor of Montmartre. In the following years he took part in the founding of the Society of Independent Artists, founded in 1884. He was vice president in 1903 and president six years later. He also participated actively in the creation of the Salon des Indépendants.
In 1886 he visited the IX. Impressionist exhibition with well-known artists such as Seurat, Edgar Degas, Camilla Pissarro, Jean-Louis Fauren and Paul Gauguin. In these early years his paintings reflect the influence of Pissarro, Pierre Auguste Renoir and Claude Monet.
Late 19th century. At the end of the 19th century, Signac began to approach the style proposed by Seurat and to deepen its pointillist technique. In these first paintings, he depicts the Mediterranean coastline and the banks of the Seine, lighthouses, coastlines, etc.
In 1899 he expressed his aesthetic ideas in De Eugène Delacroix Neoimpressionisme (1899), a work in which he defended neo-impressionist techniques. The school was founded in 1886 by Seurat and Signak. Camilla Pissarro, Maximilian Luc Theo van Rieselberg and Henri-Edmond Cross also participated in this event.
Some characteristics of this artistic movement are the care for the volume, the development of forms without specific profiles, the sequence in the composition and the use of pure primary colours which, when used in pointillist painting, create an optical illusion that gives the painting great clarity. This idea is based on Michel Eugène Chevrel’s theory of simultaneous colour contrast.
Antibe… Hello, Paul Signak (1914).
After Sérat’s death, Signac settled in Saint-Tropez (Côte d’Azur, France), where he stayed until 1911. Throughout his life he travelled and sailed in various countries such as Italy and Turkey and toured in France. There are visits to La Rochelle, Marseille, Venice and Istanbul. This experience inspired him to create his paintings in which he depicted multiple scenes. During these travels he painted many watercolours.
Over time he no longer strictly adhered to the rules of pointillism and expanded his brushstrokes, as can be seen in Samoan paintings. He sent tuna boats to Groa, to the Seine at Pont Rouala and to the river Vannes. From 1913 Signac went to Antibes, where he stayed for a long time and kept his studio in Paris. During this period he was president of the Society of Independent Artists, which he held from 1909 until his death on his 15th birthday. August 1935 in Paris.
In the course of his career Signak has painted many paintings and watercolours. In most of them he used pointilism, a technique developed by Seurat. Most of these paintings were sea scenes, although he also painted still lifes, decorative compositions and scenes from everyday life. One of his most remarkable works is Opus 217. Enamelled background, with beats and angles, tones and shadows (1890), woman with a lamp (1890), Papal Palace of Avignon (1900), Grand Canal (1905), Port of Rotterdam (1907), Antibes, Tours (1911), Port of La Rochelle (1921) and Lezardrieu (1925).
In the last years of his career he wrote several watercolours in which he did not strictly abide by the rules of pointillism; in this period he became friends with Belgian artists who later formed a group of neo-impressionists.
1863, BIOGRAPHY, Camilla Pissarro, Divisionism, Edgar Degas, FRANCE, Georges Seurat, Neo-Impressionism, Artist, Paul Gauguin, Paul Sinyak, Pointilism.