Uh, sir. Walter Scott (15 August 1771 – 21 September 1832) was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. An English writer, poet and lawyer was considered the founder of a historical novel. Scott was one of the key figures of the Romantic movement in the United Kingdom. He began his long career as a writer at the end of the 18th century. It was in the 19th century that he published a translation of G.A. Burger’s ballads, Pogon and William and Helen (1796). Among his most famous works are Lake Lady (1810), Guy Mannering (1815), Rob Roy (1817), Ivanhoe (1819), Monastery (1820), Talisman (1825). Most of this work has been published anonymously. By the end of the 1820s, however, the identity of the author was known.
Walter Scott’s son, a lawyer, and two-year-old Ann Rutherford both contracted polio. A disease that seriously affected his health and left him with a limp in his right leg. At that time he lived with his grandfather Robert Scott in Sandiknau. Four years later he returned to Edinburgh, the city where he did his research. Later he went to the University of Edinburgh where he studied law just like his father.
After his graduation he started his career. At that time he started collecting information about Scottish myths and legends as part of his work. Scott has covered this subject in several books.
At the end of the 1790s he began his career translating the works of Gottfried A. Burger, Leonor and the ballads of Chase and William and Helen (1796). Shortly afterwards he translated a book by Goethe von Goetz von Berlihingen, based on the life of the poet and adventurer Goetz von Berlihingen, known as the Iron Hand. At the beginning of the 19th century. At the end of the 19th century he published a collection of ballads he had collected during his travels, which he called Minstrels of the Scottish Border (1802). These include famous Scottish ballads such as Young Tamlan, Twa Korby, Douglas Tragedy, Asher’s Wife, Cruel Sister and Lover Demon. After its publication, the book was not very successful, but the author continued to update the collection until 1830.
In the mid 1800s he published the poem Le mot du dernier ménestrel (1805), which was a great success, followed by Ballades et pièces lyriques (1806), a work written during the term of office of the secretary of the Edinburgh court. Later, Scott Marmion published The Tale of Flodden Field (1808), a romantic historical poem that ends with the death of the protagonist in the Battle of Flodden. Two years later he published Notre-Dame du Lac (1810), one of the author’s most famous poems.
Later he published the vision of Don Roderick (1811) and the Fiancée de Triremein (1813). In 1814 he published his first novel, Waverly, a work written during the Jacobite uprising in the United Kingdom in 1745; it was published anonymously, the author was a civil servant. After its publication, the book was a success.
Since then he has published several novels under various pseudonyms, such as the author of Waverly, Jebediah Kleisbotam, Crystal Croftangri, Lawrence Templeton and others. It should be noted that the identity of the author at that time was a fairly well-known secret. After Waverly (1814), Guy Mannering (1815), Antiquirer (1816), Rob Roy (1818) and Ivanhoe (1819), there is a novel in medieval England that tells the story of Wilfredo de lvanhoe, a Saxon nobleman who also deals with the contradictions between the Saxon people and the Normans. It is one of the author’s most remarkable works.
Three years later he published Les Aventures de Nigel (1822) and Le Bétail du Pic (1822), followed by the novel written in France by Louis XI Quintine Darward (1823). Redgauntlet (1824), Tales of the Crusaders (1825) and Woodstock of the Knights were published later: History of 1651 (1826).
In that same year, the author’s identity was revealed; the author experienced one of the most difficult moments of his life, when his wife Charlotte Carpenter died and the Constable publishing house, in which he had invested a large amount of money, went bankrupt. He left behind the £130,000 debt he paid for the rest of his life.
At the end of the 1820s he published the book The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte (1827) in which he explored the life of Napoleon Bonaparte. The following year he published The Beautiful Young Woman of Perth (1828) and The Grandfather’s Tales (1828), followed by The History of Scotland (1829-1830), The Daughter of the Nog (1829), Bonnie Dundee (1830) and Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft (1831), the author’s last work. At that moment Scott stopped writing and his health began to deteriorate rapidly. Scott died on the 21st. September 1832 and was buried in the Abbey of Dreiburg.
The author’s work is considered a pioneer in the field of historical fiction, and his works have been very well received by critics for their realistic approach to the historical events of his native Scotland and the Middle Ages, and for the light they shed on the context in which the protagonist of the story finds himself. Scott has had a great influence on European writers, artists and musicians; his work has been shown many times in theatre, film and television.